The Alamance County Inspections Department conducts inspections during various phases of construction to verify that the work that has been completed to date, meets or exceeds the minimum construction standards mandated by the North Carolina State Building Code.
It is the responsibility of each contractor of record to ensure that all work is complete and meets or exceeds the minimum standards listed in the North Carolina State Building Code prior to requesting an inspection by the Inspections Department.
Typical inspections include but are not limited to:
Under slab inspections, as appropriate
Foundation inspections, wood-frame construction
Fire protection inspections
Footing inspections are made after the trenches are excavated, all grade stakes are installed, all reinforcing steel and supports are in place and appropriately tied, all necessary forms are in place and braced and before any concrete is placed.
Under-slab inspections, as appropriate, are made after all materials and equipment to be concealed by the concrete slab are completed.
Open Floor Framing Inspections
Floor framing inspections are made after all joists, girders, and bands are in place, prior to the installation of subflooring.
Foundation and Crawl Space Inspections
Foundation and crawl space inspections are made after all foundation supports are installed. This inspection is to check foundation supports, crawl space leveling, ground clearances and positive drainage when required.
Rough-in inspections are conducted when all building framing and parts of the electrical, plumbing, fire protection, or heating-ventilation or cooling system that will be hidden from view in the finished building have been placed but before any wall, ceiling finish or building insulation is installed.
Framing inspections are conducted after the roof, excluding permanent roof covering, wall ceiling and floor framing is complete with appropriate blocking, bracing and fire stopping in place. All plumbing, mechanical, and electrical components must also be complete. The following items must be in place and visible for inspection:
- Chimneys and vents
- Flashing for roofs, chimneys and wall openings
- Insulation baffles
- All lintels that are required to be bolted to the framing for support shall not be covered by any exterior or interior wall or ceiling finish material before approval. Work may continue without approval for lintels supported on masonry or concrete.
Special inspections are code-required inspections that are beyond the scope of inspections performed by building code inspectors. These special inspections are found only in the Building Code at this time. The reports required in Section 1704 of the building code would require the professional seals for the responsible special inspector.
Insulation inspections are conducted after an approved building framing and rough-in inspection and after the permanent roof covering is installed, with all insulation and vapor retarders in place, but before any wall or ceiling covering is applied.
Fire Protection Inspections
Fire protection inspections are performed in all buildings where any material is used for fire protection purposes. The permit holder or his agent must notify the inspection department after all fire protection materials are in place. Fire protection materials must not be concealed until inspected and approved by the code enforcement official. Each layer in a multiple layer assembly must be inspected separately.
Final inspections are conducted for each trade after completion of the work required by the codes.
Note: No new building or part thereof may be occupied, no addition or enlargement of an existing building may be occupied, and no existing building that has been altered or removed may be occupied until the inspection department has issued a certificate of compliance.